UNEMPLOYMENT / NOV. 20, 2014
version 6, draft 6

American Men are More Optimistic About the Job Market Than Women

A 2013 study by Gallup shows that the confidence level of both men and women differ when it comes to viewing the U.S. job market.

Researchers conducted a study in 136 countries, where they interviewed over 137,000 adults who were aged 15 years and older.

According to the findings from the survey, “while men and women in most regions were more likely to say it was a bad time than a good time to find a job, women were more pessimistic than men in Northern America and Latin America and the Caribbean.”

In North America, the poll broke down the ratio of men to women, and the U.S. showed more of a gap:

  • In the U.S., 64 percent women were pessimistic in comparison to the 56 percent of men who were negative about the job market.
  • In Canada, the numbers were even—with 48 percent of both men and women pessimistic about nation’s local job market.

North America as a whole was just slightly different from U.S. percentage numbers. The study determined that 62 percent of North American women were concerned about finding a job whereas 56 percent of North American men felt the same.

Latin America and the Caribbean men and women, on the other hand, are divided by a 5 percent point difference. Forty-six percent men, to 51 percent women, difference in pessimism.

Most of the region’s countries also mirror this statistic except for Honduras (80 percent), Venezuela (66 percent), and El Salvador (62 percent), which have even percentages.

Here are a few examples of women to men ratios:

  • Argentina: 55 percent women, 45 percent men
  • Columbia: 55 percent women, 50 percent men
  • Bolivia: 55 percent women, 38 percent men
  • Brazil: 47 percent women, 38 percent men
  • Jamaica: 79 percent women, 72 percent men
  • Chile: 45 percent women, 41 percent men
  • Guatemala:  69 percent women, 65 percent men

Haiti, Trinidad and Tobago, and Costa Rica are the only three areas where men believe it’s the worst time to find a job.

The Former Soviet Union, European Union, and Middle East and North Africa also saw similar results to North America and Latin America’s findings.

In Russia it was reported that 54 percent of women were pessimistic about finding a job compared with 50 percent of men. 

Seventy-seven percent European women and 74 percent men were pessimistic a difference of only 3 percent.  

The Middle East and North Africa only had a 1 percent point difference—with 69 percent of women saying it’s harder to find a job in comparison to 68 percent men.

However, women were more optimistic than men in the regions of Sub-Saharan Africa (-1 percent difference) and Asia and the Pacific (-3 percent difference).  

Overall, North America showed the highest percentage point difference between men and women, especially in the U.S. Both gender groups are separated by 6 percent.

Evidence shows the large employment gap between men and women.

Researchers assume U.S. women are more doubtful about the job market because of the limitations and treatments they’re exposed to in the workforce, including salaries and promotions.

Most women may be discouraged by the discrimination they face in the workplace, and this as a result doesn’t leave any room for optimism.

Additionally, if they’re not happy with their occupation or profession, then they will be less confident in searching for a new one.

Therefore, the problem is not solely with women, but with the U.S. job market itself.

 

Image Source: Spike

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