Career Testing
Career Testing
Career Testing
INDUSTRIES / JAN. 11, 2017
version 9, draft 9

The Complete Guide to Choosing an Industry That’s Right for You

industries

We spend a large part of our adult life at work, and it can significantly affect our well-being, both physically and mentally. This is why choosing a career is something that you shouldn’t take lightly. It’s important to explore all the options available to you before you make a final decision as this will help ensure your future professional happiness.

Taking our free career interest test is a great way to get started moving in the right direction. The test is made up of six different parts which will allow you to find the perfect career. The first part, the Career Interests Test, is designed to help you identify the industry you are best suited to.

Identifying the right industry helps you zero in on the ideal career which minimises the risk of making a wrong decision. By looking at the industries, rather than individual professions, you can also identify the fastest growing industries in the UK which can help you find a job easier, while it can also help you choose a career based on how lucrative a sector is expected to be.

Of course, to make an informed decision, you need to explore all the industries available in the job market and find out more about each and every one of them. Below you’ll find a comprehensive list of all the job sectors in the UK with details on Industry Requirements and salary data that will make deciding much easier.

1. Accountancy, Banking and Finance

accountancy banking industry

Careers in these industries include being a banker, accountant, insurer and so on - you need to love numbers. Most - if not all - of your work responsibilities will involve making calculations and as such, feeling comfortable with looking and reading numbers for lengthy periods of time are crucial.

Of course, not everything is numbers. People are also often expected to prepare documents, for example, contracts, etc. which means that being a well-organized individual who pays a lot of attention to detail can help you excel.

Luckily, this sector also offers high paying jobs and getting a job is not that hard if you are skilled and qualified. Apart from the thousands of SMEs that look for graduates in these sectors in the UK, there are also many large firms you should look into. From Deloitte to PwC these companies offer excellent perks, benefits and company culture.

Other large firms you should look into are EY and KPMG. If you are hoping to make a name for yourself in the banking world you may want to look into career opportunities in some of the country’s biggest banks, such as Barclays, HSBC and Lloyd’s. If on the other hand you are more interested in insurance work you may want to have a look at what Aviva, AXA and Legal & General have available.

Bear in mind that a lot of these companies offer graduate schemes, but as there’s a lot of competition, you are advised to look at their schemes in advance and send in your application well before the deadline.

Salary Data

Although there are industries that have a lot more high paying jobs, these industries offer stability and great rewards so if you have a thing for numbers you should definitely pursue a career in any one of these sectors. Keep in mind that as you climb the corporate ladder your salary will increase exponentially.

Starting salaries in accounting are between £16,000 and £42,000, while in banking and finance they are between £27,000 and £50,000. If you have a knack for the market you may also want to consider a career in investment as starting salaries are between £35,000 and £50,000.

Popular Professions in These Industries

  • Account Executive
  • Accounting Technician
  • Actuary
  • Chartered Accountant
  • Financial Adviser
  • Financial Manager
  • Financial Risk Analyst
  • Financial Trader
  • Insurance Account Manager
  • Insurance Broker
  • Investment Analyst
  • Operational Investment Banker
  • Retail Banker
  • Risk Manager
  • Stockbroker
  • Tax Adviser

Industry Requirements

Although different professions will require different skills, the truth is that this is a sector where professional qualifications are essential. Having an accounting degree, for example, will go a long way in helping you get a job with one of the big firms, while it’s important to continue gaining professional qualifications throughout your career. Becoming a chartered accountant, for example, requires quite some effort and a lot of reading, but it can do wonders for your career.

Apart from professional qualifications, you need the disposition to work in these industries as well. Work can be rather monotonous, and you need to be able to embrace the routine of it all to become successful.

2. Business & Management

business management

Some of the fastest growing industries in the job market, business and management are now expanding into other professional sectors as well. Jobs in this sector are quickly turning into careers in demand as most companies require some sort of manager or business person in charge since they can help make an organisation become much more successful. If you are interested this industry you should expect rapid progression opportunities, as well as an extremely fast-paced work environment.

What’s great about this sector is that it will allow you to combine your interests and passions with your job. So, if for example, you have a thing for music, you may want to look into opportunities in record companies, etc.

But, as this is one of the fastest growing industries out there and careers are in demand, it can be extremely difficult to get a job. Individuals are required to be very confident and resourceful when it comes to applying for jobs, while putting your achievements in the spotlight will go a long way in helping you get the job you are after. Qualifications are important of course, but when it comes to being able to demonstrate what you can achieve, they might as well be in the backseat.

Salary Data

Salaries will depend heavily on the role for which you are applying as well as the company. If you are applying for a Human Resources role in a large corporation, which means more responsibilities, you should expect a higher starting salary than if you are applying for a similar role in a rather smaller company. To ensure that you are getting paid what you are worth always check what the industry standard for your role is on sites like Glassdoor and Payscale.

Salaries in this extremely broad sector can start as low as £17,000, but they can be higher if you manage to get in on a graduate scheme with one of the big companies in this line of business. It’s also important to not get discouraged by this figure as professionals in these roles tend to climb up the corporate ladder faster than people in other industries.

Popular Professions

  • Business Development Executive
  • Chartered Management Accountant
  • Consultant
  • Development Officer
  • Human Resources Manager
  • Management Consultant
  • Office Manager
  • Operations Manager
  • Recruitment Consultant
  • Training Manager

Industry Requirements

As mentioned above, this is an industry where achievements are rewarded above everything. So it’s important to not rely only on qualifications and actually seek opportunities that will allow you to demonstrate what you can do. Getting a job as a student might be a good idea as it will allow you to put your skills to test, while you’ll also be able to use it on your CV as previous work experience which will go a long way in helping you get a job after graduation.

It’s important to note that professional qualifications are important, and getting a degree in business or an MBA will definitely increase your chances of getting a job with a respected organisation.

Being a risk-taker and a great team leader are also essential if you want to succeed in this field, so you really need to ensure that you have an imposing personality before you decide to pursue a career within this sector.

3. Construction

construction

This is an industry that is ideal if you are interested in a more hands-on work. Construction doesn’t only involve manual labour, it also includes roles such as architects, building control specialists and civil engineers.

Most roles in construction are rather technical, but with enough experience and seniority you can also move to positions of management. No matter which career path you choose in this industry you should know that you’d be expected to work on site for a large part of your day, whether that’s to survey the work that’s been done, or to actually instruct how the work should be done.

Salary Data

To work in this line of business, you need to be highly qualified. Even if you are planning to do independent or freelance work you are only going to be able to do so after you’ve gained some experience and achieved chartered status. The starting salary is an average £25,000-£30,000. But, with enough experience, you’ll be able to quickly get a salary increase.

Popular Professions

  • Architect
  • Building Surveyor
  • Facilities Manager
  • Landscape Architect
  • Real Estate Broker
  • Site Engineer

Industry Requirements

Many global consultancies hire graduates, and you may want to look into these graduate schemes as they could be a great opportunity to get started in the professional world. Gaining a degree will help you get in on of the best graduate schemes available, while being practical and reasonable are also essential in this industry that is often hazardous.

4. Creative Arts

creative arts

Creative arts don’t just include fine art and fashion, but rather they have expanded to include different professions which require a sense of creativity. These include jobs in advertising, arts and culture, as well interior design. Your role could either be more practical –i.e. being an artist, or it could be more administrative –i.e. being a museum curator. As the digital era is upon us, roles in creative arts have begun overlapping with the media and information industries as the goal is now to produce content for different digital projects.

Salary Data

Unfortunately, professions in creative arts are not as well paid as they should be. In spite of the rise in their popularity, they remain as low-paid as ever. It’s especially hard for graduates to get started in this industry as long-term unpaid internships are standard. What’s more, working on a project by project basis as a freelancer is also quite common. But, should you manage to make a name for yourself, you’ll quickly start setting your own rates (if you work on a freelance basis) which could quickly turn into a well pai job.

Popular Professions

  • Actor
  • Animator
  • Art Therapist
  • Dancer
  • Exhibition Designer
  • Fashion Designer
  • Fine Artist
  • Graphic Designer
  • Illustrator
  • Interior Designer
  • Jeweller
  • Makeup Artist
  • Multimedia Artist
  • Musician
  • Painter
  • Photographer
  • Product Designer

Skills

For some of the professions in this line of business, getting a degree is not required, for others, such as graphic designer, a degree is essential to help you get a job. What can be especially helpful in your job search is a strong portfolio so make sure you build a website with a sample of your work. To succeed you also need to show passion for your subject and to keep up with industry trends. You should also be able to work effectively on your own and be proactive.

5. Environmental Care

environmental care

If you love the great outdoors there’s no better industry to be in than this. Jobs in this sector are not only agricultural ones, but they also relate to air quality, conservation, corporate social responsibility, waste management and environmental assessment.

To do well in this industry you should enjoy working outdoors as even if you are office-based, you’ll be expected to spend a great deal of time outside. You should also enjoy being part of the protection and preservation of different natural products or utilities.

Salary Data

This industry can be especially rewarding if you are qualified. Environmental professionals in mining and quarrying make as much as £57,000 a year which also happens to be the nation’s highest median salary. Of course, no one starts with this salary; graduate members of the Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment earn on average £25,000, but this can rise up to £37,000 for those at associate level.

Popular Professions

  • Agricultural Consultant
  • Animal Nutritionist
  • Energy Manager
  • Engineer
  • Environmental Consultant
  • Environmental Education Officer
  • Environmental Health Practitioner
  • Farm Manager
  • Fisheries Officer
  • Geochemist
  • Geologist
  • Geoscientist
  • Marine Scientist
  • Mining Engineer
  • Petroleum Engineer
  • Recycling Officer
  • Veterinarian
  • Waste Management Officer
  • Water Quality Scientist

Skills

As discussed earlier, to get a job in this industry you should be qualified. Of course, if you are planning to go on the agricultural side of the sector then you should learn more about how to be successful in that particular area. You should also be excellent at problem-solving, as well as be analytical and have technical and project management skills.

6. Engineering and Manufacturing

engineering manufacturing

As technology progresses and takes over the world, engineering professionals become essential as they help the world evolve. According to estimates, by the year 2022, there will be more than a million job vacancies in the engineering and manufacturing sector.

Although work duties and responsibilities vary depending on the area of engineering you are employed in, what binds this sector together is the ingenuity that distinguishes people in it. To be a great engineer you need to be imaginative but you also need to identify ways to apply those ideas in real life.

Salary Data

Engineering remains one of the most lucrative industries in the job market, yet to make a high salary you’ll need to work for a few years in the industry. In fact, the starting salary for most career within the sector is just above £20,000 while for aerospace engineers the starting salary can be as high as £28,000. Of course, with seniority and experience an engineer’s salary can increase up to £60,000 a year.

Popular Professions

  • Aerospace Engineer
  • Automotive Engineer
  • Biomedical Engineer
  • Chemical Engineer
  • Civil Engineer
  • Communications Engineer
  • Electrical Engineer
  • Manufacturing Engineer
  • Mechanical Engineer
  • Naval Architect
  • Production Manager
  • Quality Manager
  • Structural Engineer

Industry Requirements

Qualifications are vital, but if you are hoping to become one of the most sought after professionals in your field, then you’ll need a Master’s degree. What’s also important to note is that these professions require attention to detail and willingness to work hard. Professionals are also expected to work independently so make sure that you can rely on yourself to do everything.

7. Healthcare

healthcare industry

Pursuing a career in healthcare is not for the faint-hearted and as such you need to ensure that you are truly interested in a role that makes a difference to people’s health and well-being before you decide to go down this path.

Although the NHS employs more than one million people, it is not your only option when it comes to getting a job in this sector. Opportunities are also available in the private healthcare sector, as well as in the voluntary or not-for-profit organisations.  You should note that there’s a good chance that you’ll be expected to do shift work, with unsociable and often long hours. It’s also important to remember that most work in this sector is extremely stressful and emotionally draining.

Salary Data

As this is an extremely broad sector that encompasses each and every aspect of patient care, there’s no single salary to discuss. A nurse, for example, can start at £28,000 and reach £40,000, while a dentist starts at £30,000 and can eaen more than £100,000. Most, if not all, of the salaries in this sector are defined by the NHS and as such a lot of these salaries start just slightly above the £20,000 mark in Band 6.

Popular Professions

  • Chiropractor
  • Clinical Psychologist
  • Dental Technician
  • Dentist
  • Dietician
  • Epidemiologist
  • General Practitioner
  • Health Service Manager
  • Health Visitor
  • Healthcare Scientist
  • Medical
  • Medical Practitioner
  • Microbiologist
  • Midwife
  • Nurse
  • Occupational Therapist
  • Ophthalmologist
  • Optician
  • Paramedic
  • Pharmacist
  • Physicist
  • Physiologist
  • Podiatrist
  • Speech and Language Therapist
  • Sports Therapist

Industry Requirements

As a sector, healthcare demands its professionals to be extremely skilled. It’s therefore essential to gain a relevant degree before you even consider applying for a job in the sector, while it’s also important to make the most of the work placement undergraduate and postgraduate courses offer as it will help you gain valuable work experience. Apart from qualifications, it’s important for professionals to also gain soft skills that will allow them to excel in this sector. These skills include empathy and caring which are essential for bedside manners, while team-working skills and excellent communication skills will also be useful.

8. Hospitality

hospitality industry

If you love travelling and experiencing new things, you may think that this sector is ideal for you but this industry is all about being able to effectively provide services to others. As such, it’s crucial to have excellent communication skills, while paying attention to detail will also go a long way.

This sector includes roles such as cooks, conference centre managers and museum curators. But, what you should note is that most of the jobs in this category are part-time, which could mean low pay, as well as shift-work which could interfere with the kind of lifestyle you want to lead.

Salary Data

As this is a very broad industry, salaries vary depending on the role and qualifications of professionals. A cabin crew member, for example, can make as little as £14,000, while cooks can make £700 per month. Of course, not all roles in this trade pay so little. If you are dedicated to making a name for yourself, you should consider creating your own business, although you should note that experience will go a long way in helping you achieve your goals.

Popular Professions

  • Accommodation Manager
  • Catering Manager
  • Conference Centre Manager
  • Cook
  • Event Organiser
  • Exhibition Designer
  • Hotel Manager
  • Leisure Centre Manager
  • Museum Curator
  • Restaurant Manager
  • Tour Manager
  • Tourism Officer

Skills

Many people manage to climb the career ladder in this industry with low-level qualifications, so you don’t have to get a degree to get a job. But, you should know that a degree can help you get onto one of the graduate management schemes bigger companies offer. A degree in languages is often considered valuable in this trade, and if travel and tourism are of interest to you, you may find it an interesting subject. To make it in this line of work you also need to have a pleasant disposition as the roles in this sector require constant interaction, while you should have excellent organisational and teamwork skills.

9. IT

information technology

Information technology is one of the fastest growing industries in the UK job market. Due to the rapid expansion of technology, there is a great shortage of developers with the right skills and this means that there are lots of chances of finding a job faster than you would in other industries.

Although the entire sector is highly sought after, mobile application developers and designers, as well as cyber security specialists are in high demand as these are relatively new concepts and there aren’t many people with the right qualifications for these types of roles.

Salary Data

The truth is that despite the shortage of qualified professionals in this line of business, it’s not an industry that has many amazingly well-paying jobs. Graduates who are interested in pursuing a career in this sector should expect an average salary. Of course, your salary will also depend on the organisation you work for, but the standard starting salary is £30,000.

Popular Professions

  • Information Systems Officer
  • IT Consultant
  • IT Sales Professional
  • IT Technical Support Officer
  • SEO Specialist
  • Software Developer
  • Systems Analyst
  • Systems Developer
  • Technical Author
  • Video Game Designer
  • Web Administrator
  • Web Developer

Skills

To do well in this industry you need to have a curious mind and be genuinely interested in technology. You’ll be expected to come up with practical solutions to complex problems on a daily basis so you should have great reasoning skills as well.

Qualifications will also go a long way to help you get a job with one of the big organizations in the sector, so look for courses that are new and focus on the aspect of the trade that you are interested in.

10. Law

law industry

If you are particularly confident and are not afraid to voice your opinions you may be interested in a career in law. It is an extremely high-paying line of work, but you should be warned that competition is also extremely fierce.

There are quite a few paths you can take in this industry, all of which vary in the qualifications required. For example, if you are interested in becoming a Solicitor you are going to complete the LPC (Legal Practice Course) before you undertake a contract with a law firm. While if you are interested in becoming a barrister you are required to take the BPTC (Bar Professional Training Course).

Salary Data

This industry has many top paying jobs; senior level barristers can make more than £100,000 a year. But, it takes time to get to this level, and the reality is that only top notch professionals make it to that point. But with enough dedication and hard work you could get there as well. The entry level salary for trainee solicitors is the national minimum wage, although this also depends heavily on employers and location.

Popular Professions

  • Barrister
  • Barrister’s Clerk
  • Chartered Legal Executive
  • Company Secretary
  • Legal Secretary
  • Licensed Conveyance
  • Solicitor
  • Trade Mark Attorney

Industry Requirements

To be a successful legal professional, you need to be great at processing information. You need excellent reasoning abilities to process complex information and reach conclusions, while you should also have great verbal and written reasoning skills. More specific skills will be gained through practical experience in barristers’ chambers, but you should know that qualifications like a law degree are essential to this sector.

11. Leisure and Sport

 
leisure sport

According to studies more than 15 million people in the UK play sports on a weekly basis which means that this trade is only going to grow in the future. Leisure includes roles in betting and gambling, for example casinos and horseracing, as well as more roles in museums and entertainment, like cinemas and theme parks. Roles in sport include coaching and performance analysis, as well as roles in sport and leisure centre management.

The majority of the major organisations in this industry require professionals from different industries such as IT, sales and marketing, so if you have a background in something else you can combine it with your passion for leisure and sport and seek a job that you are passionate about.

Salary Data

If you are interested in pursuing a career within this sector, then you should expect a rather low salary as most organisations don’t pay that well and establishing your presence requires quite some time. If you are hoping to get a job in the world of fitness, you should know that it is conventional for instructors to get hired on a part-time basis and be paid hourly. Hourly pay ranges between £10 and £20, while the average starting salary for other roles in this industry is between £14,000-20,000.

Popular Professions

  • Fitness centre manager
  • Outdoor activities/education manager
  • Sport and exercise psychologist
  • Sports administrator
  • Sports coach
  • Theme park manager

Industry Requirements

Depending on the role you are interested in pursuing different skills and qualifications will be required. If you are interested in becoming a sports coach, you should get a degree. To help people avoid getting hurt you should also have a deep understanding of the human body. Learning how to effectively support others is also essential in this field, while identifying an individual’s or a team’s strengths and needs will go a long way in helping you become more successful.

12. Marketing and Advertising

marketing advertising

One of the fastest growing industries, marketing and advertising has been completely reshaped by social media and the internet in general and has quickly become a sector with many careers in demand. Due to the rapid growth of this trade the UK is currently dealing with a shortage of skilled professionals in digital marketing so if you are interested in working in an industry that is both creative and analytical at the same time you should jump on this ship.

Elements of marketing and advertising exist in most business and can be found across all sectors as all organisations are interested in pushing their brand, so you can find work either in-house, working in the marketing department of an organisation or you can work for an agency on a wide spectrum of projects.

Salary Data

Although there is a shortage of skilled individuals, it’s important to acknowledge the fact that this industry does not pay as well as it should. Entry level employees can make between £18,000 and £22,000, but with experience and seniority, a managing director’s salary can come up to £70,000.

Popular Professions

  • Advertising Account Executive
  • Advertising Copywriter
  • Digital Marketing Officer
  • Market Researcher
  • Marketing Manager
  • Public Relations Officer

Industry Requirements

As this is a very fast-moving line of business, it’s important to be enthusiastic about working in it. Teamwork skills are essential while it’s vital that you are creative as well. As this sector is designed to respond to customer expectations you need to be able to constantly come up with creative solutions to various problems - enthusiasm for background research will also go a long way.

13. Media

media

An immensely multidisciplinary industry, media includes areas such as filmmaking, scriptwriting, advertising and journalism. Just like marketing, this trade has too exploded with the rapid technological advancements of the last two decades and is quickly becoming an extremely interesting sector.

Employment opportunities are available with both larger firms, such as newspapers and magazines, but you can also get a job with smaller independent companies. But, most professionals work on freelance and short-term contracts which can be less than ideal if you are looking for stability.

Salary Data

One of the most popular routes into this business is through internships, and these can be unpaid so it’s important to understand that you need to be extremely dedicated to this industry to persevere. Entry level salaries can be as low as £12,000. With enough experience, the salary can go up to £40,000, but people who work in this sector do it because they believe in the cause rather than for the money.

Popular Professions

  • Editor
  • Filmmaker
  • Journalist
  • Media Researcher
  • Printmaker
  • Proof-reader
  • Radio Producer
  • Reporter
  • Social Media Manager
  • Sports Commentator
  • Video Editor
  • Web Content Manager
  • Writer

Industry Requirements

Although a degree in media is not essential to get started in this industry, it’s always recommended to have some kind of humanities background. Bear in mind that analytical thinking and great observation skills will definitely help you do well in this sector, while excellent communication skills are vital.

14. Office Administration and Public Services

office administration

Being part of this industry entails being in a well-structured environment as well as making sure that everything goes according to plan. Although the public sector offers a wide array of employment opportunities which vary on the qualifications required, it’s important to understand that to do well in this industry you need to be organised and great at following rules.

You should note that they involve performing other business functions as well since due to the expansion of technology administrative work has decreased. Therefore, you are likely to be asked to do work that’s neither secretarial nor administrative. Also, bear in mind that the UK sector has continued to fall during the past few years and the number of people working in the public sector has decreased as different services have begun being outsourced to private companies.

Salary Data

If you are interested in an administrative role, you should know that it’s not one of the highest paying jobs out there. Entry level salaries start at £14,000, and you are likely to only go as high as £30,000 at the senior level.

Public services, on the other hand, pay significantly better as the starting salary for these roles can be £20,000, and if you are interested in working for the European Commission the starting salary is £41,000.

Popular Professions

  • Administrative Assistant
  • Education Administrator
  • Equality and Diversity Officer
  • Librarian
  • Local Government Officer
  • Personal Assistant
  • Secretary
  • Statistician

Industry Requirements

To do well in this sector, you need excellent communication skills, both verbal and written, and it’s essential for your organisational skills to be up to par as well. Being able to follow rules is also crucial as you’ll be expected to maintain order at all times.

15. Retail and Sales

retail sales

There’s a wide variety of career opportunities in this sector that is vital to the UK’s economy. In retail alone there are over three million employees, while there’s a huge number of people hired in sales related roles as well.

The work environment is extremely varied, but generally speaking, it’s extremely high-pressure. You should also note that a lot of the roles in this industry involve shift-work, as well as work on weekends, which can make your social life difficult. Also, entry-level positions generally involve part-time work which might make a liveable salary almost impossible.

Salary Data

Salaries in this industry are dependable on the position, location and employer. As such, working for a SME and having a more central role to the business will generally yield a better salary than if you work for a larger organisation at an entry level position. Generally speaking, most of these jobs offer a basic salary with a chance to earn a lot more in commission, so if you have a knack for this industry you might be able to make a high salary.

Popular Professions

  • Call Centre Operator
  • Customer Service Manager
  • Logistics and Distribution Manager
  • Personal Shopper
  • Purchasing Manager
  • Retail Merchandiser
  • Retail Salesperson
  • Sales Assistant
  • Sales Manager
  • Sales Promotion Officer
  • Warehouse Manager

Industry Requirements

As this sector is growing, it now requires people with technical skills as well. Developers for example may easily find work opportunities in this industry as more and more organizations are looking into website and mobile applications development. Of course, more traditional roles require people to have excellent communication skills, while if you are interested in getting started you may want to look into customer service as this part of the sector is rapidly expanding.

16. Science and Research

science research

If you are passionate about science then you should try to make the most of your passion. There are many opportunities for work in this sector and although work environments vary depending on the sector you are interested in, you will find that it’s an extremely rewarding industry.

The work environment varies depending on the sector you’re in, and you could work in an office, or a lab. Chemical manufacturing is one of the fastest growing sections of this sector so if you have a knack for chemistry you may be interested in joining this expanding sector and getting one of the careers in demand.

Salary Data

The average starting salary for this industry is £25,000 and with experience it can go up to £100,000. But, the problem is that it can be quite hard to get started in this sector. Qualifications are required for most professions and even with a great degree competition can be quite fierce, so it’s important to look for graduate schemes as early as possible.

Popular Professions

  • Astronomer
  • Biochemist
  • Biologist
  • Biomedical Scientist
  • Clinical Researcher
  • Ecologist
  • Food Scientist
  • Forensic Scientist
  • Medical Physicist
  • Medical Scientist
  • Meteorologist
  • Palaeontologist
  • Pharmacologist
  • Physicist
  • Research Scientist

Industry Requirements

To excel in this industry, you need an innate love for all things science. It’s important to approach everything methodically, while excellent numeracy and research skills are essential to reach senior levels in this sector. Although university qualifications are not essential for all roles in this sector, they are vital for senior level positions and as such you should definitely consider a degree in the field of science you are interested in.

17. Security

security

If you are considering the security sector, then you are probably interested in a role that will pump your adrenaline and put you in harms way. Roles in this industry include emergency services and the armed forces and according to psychometric tests, people interested in this line of work are usually interested in careers that provide them with authority and prestige.

Salary Data

Salaries in this industry vary depending on the role you will take on. If you are interested in a career in law enforcement you should know that the starting salary for police constables is £19,000 to £22,000. But a senior police inspector can make up to £50,000.

Popular Professions

  • Military Officer
  • Emergency Planning/Management Officer
  • Firefighter
  • Police Officer
  • Prison Officer

Industry Requirements

University qualifications are not essential for this sector, although you may need to sit through tests. What’s important is that you have the appetite for such a role as most of these professions include a risk factor, and require people to be fearless.

18. Social Work

social work

A sector with an increasing number of opportunities, social work could be ideal if you love giving back and helping others. People in this sector are employed in different areas, from working in the HR for large corporations, to actually helping children or the elderly, there are many different things you could do should you choose this industry.

Many people are employed by the NHS or local authorities –e.g. the social services - while you could even get a job with voluntary or not-for-profit organisations. You may even find employment in prison services, so it’s important to identify which group of people you want to help before you start your job search. If you are not quite sure about what you’d like to do, you should know that there’s a shortage of skilled professionals in adult social care so you may want to look into gaining qualifications in this aspect of the sector.

Salary Data

It is not one of the sectors with the highest paying jobs. The entry level salary is £19,000-£25,000. But, a lot of the people in this area work on temporary or fixed-term contracts and many jobs are subject to the renewal of funding so if you are not certain that this is what you want to dedicate your life to you should consider another career path.

Popular Professions

  • Care Manager
  • Careers Adviser
  • Charity Fundraiser
  • Charity Officer
  • Community Arts Worker
  • Community Development Worker
  • Community Education Officer
  • Counsellor
  • Psychologist
  • Psychotherapist
  • Social Researcher
  • Social Worker
  • Volunteer Coordinator
  • Youth Worker

Industry Requirements

Apart from being passionate about giving back to people, you should also be dedicated to the cause you are involved with to excel. Special training is required, and the government is even considering creating a new apprenticeship for social workers that could make breaking into the industry easier. You should also have excellent people and organisational skills.

19. Teaching and Education

teaching education

Should you decide to work in education, you should ensure that you have the energy for it. Whereas other industries are inevitably monotonous and routine, there’s nothing monotonous or routine about education. You’ll be required to work with different people on a daily basis, and as people’s needs vary and change you’ll be expected to adapt to cater to those needs.

Although most roles in education include teaching, not all of them will have you standing in front of a whiteboard. Roles in this industry also include educational psychologists and learning mentor, so what binds this sector together is that you need to be passionate about helping others reach their full potential.

Salary Data

As a field, education is highly varied and this means that salaries are extremely varied as well. A teaching assistant, for example, could make anything between £11,000 and £15,000 as a starting salary, whereas a qualified teacher could get double that salary. Of course, the difference is that to be a teaching assistant no special qualifications are required, whereas to be a teacher you need a QTS. Of course, apart from qualifications, your salary will depend heavily on where you work, your class size and how experienced you are.

Popular Professions

  • Early Years Teacher
  • Educational Psychologist
  • Foreign Language Teacher
  • Kindergarten Teacher
  • Learning Mentor
  • School Teacher
  • Special Educational Needs Teacher
  • Teacher Assistant

Industry Requirements

To enter the Education sector one needs to have excellent communication skills. A deep knowledge of his or her chosen subject is also essential as to help others gain knowledge; you need to understand it at a deeper level. Skills such as an excellent sense of humour and an energetic presence will also go a long way in helping students love you, but to teach one also needs qualifications. The Qualified Teacher Status (QTS) for example is essential for a teacher to be hired, while the Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) is also recommended for anyone who aspires to have a successful career in Education.

 

Selecting an industry that matches your interests can be crucial to your professional happiness. By ensuring that you have an appetite for the sector you are entering, you are ensuring that you’ll remain happy and passionate about your job throughout your working life. What’s more, selecting an industry before choosing a profession minimises the risk of making a career mistake; if for example you realise that you’ve chosen the wrong profession five years down your career, making a lateral move in the trade is not that hard.

But even if you are certain that you are not making any sort of career mistake, taking an interest in the industry of your chosen profession could help you remain more current as it will allow you to keep up with trends and know what to anticipate.

Have you already chosen your industry? What drew you to it? Let us know in the comment section below and if you are still uncertain of what industry matches your interests make sure to take our career interests test to find out!

See Also: Pros and Cons of Aptitude Testing

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