Science careers have historically been some of the highest paying in the U.S. The US Today reports that high-skill science-related jobs are exceedingly in demand and will make up about 38% of all the top-notch jobs created by 2017. So where are the jobs? Who is hiring graduates with science degrees?
Bachelor of Science (BSc)
There is a significant difference between a Bachelor of Arts (BA), a Bachelor of Science (BSc) and a Science Degree. Few science courses are offered under a BA undergraduate degree. The large majority of courses offered under BA programs are Liberal Arts and Humanities for example International Relation, Political Science, Literature, History, Sociology, just to mention a few.
Bachelor of Science programs
Bachelor of Science programs generally offer science-related courses such as Psychology, Biology, Chemistry, Environmental Studies, among others. In some universities, some non-science courses such as Economics or Political Science may be offered under the Bachelor of Science program. At the same time, some universities may offer science-related courses such as Psychology under their BA program.
A Science Degree
A Science Degree is fundamentally offered under a BSc. Program allowing you to graduate with a BSc. in Science. Essentially, you cannot attain a BA degree in Science. However, it is possible to either obtain a BSc. in General Science or a Bsc. degree in a science-related subject such as Chemistry, Biology, Information Science, Forensic Science among others.
Types of jobs you can get
The types of science careers that you can pursue are diverse and largely depend on the courses you choose as part of your degree program. For example, if you obtain a Bsc. in General Science, you will likely find employment in laboratory settings working as a medical technician, a research assistant or a laboratory technician. If you have a Bsc. in Forensic Science, biology or chemistry you could find employment in forensic labs in police departments, hospitals, drug companies, government policy makers, or zoos.
Advancing your education
Although a Bachelor of Science degree opens up a wide array of career opportunities, a General Science degree alone may offer limited job prospects. A General Science degree is not focused on just one area of science but rather it offers a wide spectrum of science modules. This type of degree may not have the depth required to pursue a serious science-related career such as a scientific researcher, marine biologist, forensic investigator, geochemist, psychologist, or toxicologist. A better approach would be to obtain a Bachelor of Science degree in a specific science-related field that interests you such as Biology, Chemistry, Geography, Physics or Forensics. Science careers are very particular about the number of credits and types of courses you study. As such, a General Science course may not give you the advantage employers are looking for when hiring a scientist.
If you already have a Bsc. in General Science, one way to improve your job prospects is to specialize in a specific area of science. Most employers who hire scientists—whether in marine, food production, crime investigation, geography, or medicine— always look for an advanced degree. For example, if you were looking to pursue a career as a Research Scientist, you would require at least a postgraduate degree in a specific science subject.
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