Qualified nurses are in demand in Brazil’s private and public health care sectors. The public health care sector is a major employer in the country and includes government-funded institutions such as hospitals, community health agencies, clinics and other public health organizations.
Regulation and management of the public health sector is structured on a decentralized system and involved cooperation at both state and district levels.
Types of nursing professions:
The largest proportion of the nursing workforce is nursing auxiliaries followed by nurses and technical nurses.
Brazil has a broad range of nursing colleges and nursing programs available to eligible students. Most of the nursing schools are in the Southeast of Brazil with a reported 48% of nursing educational institutions located there. Individuals interested in following a career path as a nurse must obtain a bachelor’s degree in nursing from an accredited educational institution.
All nursing schools in Brazil follow a standard nursing curriculum, which was created and approved by the Ministry of Education. However, individual institutions can add additional courses to their nursing program, provided the basic curriculum structure is followed.
Lato sensu: This type of qualification is a ‘pre-master’s’ level of nursing study involving special training and specialization in a particular nursing subject. This is an advanced level of qualification and graduates who successfully pass the course will receive certification in a technical area of study. Common areas of specialization include cardiovascular, pediatrics, obstetrical, family and intensive care. Upon receiving the Lato sensu, graduates can progress to a Master’s degree.
Stricto sensu: this qualification involves both Master’s and Doctoral programmes. Individuals with who have gained a strict sensu certificate are in demand and have excellent career opportunities available to them.