Careers within the public health care sector in Portugal are available to Portuguese candidates who qualify for entry to the official nursing course. The majority of nursing careers in Portugal are within the public sector, which means that civil service career structures apply.
Public sector nursing can be split into two main categories:
Care departments (e.g. graduate nurses, clinical nurse specialists)
Management departments (e.g. head nurses, nurse directors, nurse supervisors)
Types of careers as a specialist nurse:
Medical surgical nurse
Careers within public health care organizations
Careers within the central departments of the Ministry of Health are also open to qualified nurses, whereby job opportunities arise for nursing technical advisors. Additionally, the National Health Service provides excellent career paths to qualified nurse advisors.
To qualify as a nurse in Portugal, individuals must complete the training course at the Polytechnic nurse school. Individuals can gain entry to the training school upon completing high school, if they meet the suitability and medically fit requirements. Entry to the Polytechnic school is largely based on the entry requirements to Universities in Portugal.
Training for the basic general care nurse course is completed over 4 years, and once the course is passed successfully, the individual will gain a grau de licenciado (licentiate university degree).
To become a specialist nurse, applicants must have completed a diploma at the Polytechnic school, and obtained a minimum of two years practical nursing experience.