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Police Careers in Brazil

brazil police

Entry to a career with the police in Brazil is dependent on the individual meeting the applicable conditions and entry criteria. There are five main law enforcement institutions in Brazil, which will provide their own set of entry conditions for applicants to satisfy. The five institutions include:

  • Federal Police

  • Federal Highway Police

  • Federal Railway Police

  • State Military Police and Fire Brigade

  • State Civil Police

These 5 institutions were established by the Federal Constitution in Brazil. The federal police, the federal highway police, and the federal railway police fall under the remit of federal authorities, while the state civil police, state military police, and the fire brigade are part of the federal or state government in Brazil.

Although these 5 federal/state institutions have their own areas of responsibility, they all act to maintain order and low enforcement in Brazil. Depending on the level of severity or type of crime committed, this will determine which police force will undertake the appropriate police activity. Criminal activity relating to federal companies and associated federal institutions will fall under the responsibility of federal police forces. Criminal and security issues for all other types of circumstances related to the state civil police forces.

Depending on your specific area, individuals who qualify for entry to the police can specialize in a specific area or ‘unit’. There are 8 main units in the Brazil police which offer varying career paths to eligible applicants. These 8 units are as follows:

  • Tactical Operations Command

  • National Police Academy

  • National Criminalistics Institute

  • National Identification Institute

  • Marine Police Unit

  • Immigration Police Unit

  • Technical-Scientific Unit

  • Police Intelligence Unit

Entry qualifications

Depending on the area of policing you are interested in, the entry qualifications may vary. However, the basic requirements that you will be expected to satisfy include, but are not limited to:

  • Successful completion of written knowledge tests

  • Medical examinations

  • Testing of physical ability, endurance and agility

  • Psychological evaluation and interview

  • Candidates must be at least 18 years of age

  • Minimum education requirements apply for certain positions, e.g. to become a police chief in the civil forces, applicants must possess a law degree and be able to show experience


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