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Working Conditions in Bulgaria

Bulgaria is a unitary parliamentary republic in southeastern Europe. The country is a member of the European Union (EU) as well as other organizations such as NATO and the Council of Europe. The capital city of Bulgaria is Sofia, which is also considered to be the largest city in the country. The majority of the governmental and parliamentary offices, as well as the residences of the officials of the country, are located in the capital city of Sofia.

The following is a brief outline of the working conditions in Bulgaria:


As of 2012, Bulgaria has implemented a flat income tax rate of 10% on all individuals earning their income in the country. Regardless of the amount that the individual is earning, they are liable to pay a 10% contribution to the government in line with the income tax law.


The Ministry of Health directs the health care system of Bulgaria. The following individuals are required to contribute to the health care system in order to avail benefits:

  • Bulgarian citizens

  • Bulgarian citizens who have a dual citizenship but reside in Bulgaria

  • Foreigners and stateless persons who permanently reside in Bulgaria

  • Refugees or humanitarian individuals, as well as individuals with political asylum status

  • Students studying and residing in Bulgaria (foreigners or graduates)

This obligatory contribution ensures that all individuals have health insurance and are qualified for the health care services provided by the Ministry of Health.


The social security system in Bulgaria is directed by the National Social Security Institute. The following are covered by social security:

  • Pension fund

  • Sickness benefits and allowance

  • Unemployment insurance

  • Temporary or permanent disability

  • Maternity benefits and allowance

All employees working 5 days a week or 40 hours a week are required to contribute to the social security system from their monthly salary – thus ensuring that the majority of individuals are covered for social security allowances and benefits.

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