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7 Significant Areas in the U.S. Where Female Employment Rates Vary

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Female employment rates vary in different areas of the United States according to research done by the American Community Survey, reports The New York Times.

As you will see in this list, the employment numbers for women 25 to 54 years old are doing fairly well in certain locations. The reign of the feminist movement opened up many doors for women, and ever since, the numbers have been rising.

Nowadays, women tend to be more educated than men in areas like New England and the Upper Midwest. Therefore, employment rates are remarkably high in those regions.

Also, prime-age women are doing surprisingly well in “lower-income rural areas across the middle of the country” due to their education history. 

However, in some of these same areas, the employment rate is completely the opposite for women.

Let’s look at this trend in more detail:

1. New England

Shelburne Farms in Vermont

Image: Wikimedia Commons

New England is one of those highly educated regions we discussed previously. Although prime-age men are more likely to be working more than their female counterparts, women have an employment rate that surpasses the national average.  This is because New England women have a higher level of educational attainment than women located in other parts of the U.S. In cities located in New Hampshire and Vermont, working women are doing exceptionally well due to a growing number of white-collar professions.

2. Utah

The Wilson Arch in Moab, Utah

Image: Wikimedia Commons

In Mormon-dominated cities like Salt Lake City, prime-age men tend to work more than women; and because of this, the female employment rate is low. Thirty percent of women are not working whereas only a little less than 10 percent of men are unemployed. Overall, 90 percent of the Utah men are working while the women resort to being stay-at-home mothers.

3. New York City

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Southwest corner of Central Park

Image: Wikimedia Commons

In the urban city of New York, high unemployment levels exist in both poor and wealthy areas. For instance, you can find out-of-work women living in Manhattan—specifically in the Upper East Side near Central Park. As one of the most prosperous parts of area, women tend to be unemployed; but at least they have their wealth to fall back on when times get tough. 

4. The Appalachia Region

Donamire Farm in Lexington Kentucky

Image: Wikimedia Commons

More than half of women living in Kentucky and West Virginia are unemployed, which is mainly due to poor educational experience. Also, the failing coal industry—impacted by pollution and climate change—has contributed to this reality. 

5. Iowa

Somerset neighborhood of Ames, Iowa

Image: Wikimedia Commons

Working prime-age females are doing better than their male counterparts when it comes to employment. Like New England, white-collar jobs are becoming more prevalent while the factory industry is slowly fading away. The unemployment rate for men (27 percent) is 5 percent higher than it is for women (22 percent). Additionally, women are beating out the men in the education department in both Iowa and Minnesota. 

6. North Dakota

The small town of Cando, North Dakota

Image: Wikimedia Commons

This state really doesn’t have much to explain when it comes to female employment rates. As one of the biggest fracking areas, the unemployment percentage for women in northwest North Dakota is slightly below the nation’s average, which is 30 percent for all females in the U.S. put together.

7. Arizona and New Mexico

State Highway "welcome" sign

Image: Wikimedia Commons

The Affordable Care Act has made it much easier for non-workers to obtain health insurance in Arizona and New Mexico. Since coverage has increased drastically within the past year, it proves that there is a high percentage of unemployed people living in these states. Women in particular have some of the lowest rates of employment in these states compared to other states in the country.

Just like low levels of male employment exist in the poverty-stricken Deep South and the Southwest, female employment seems to be struggling in these regions as well.

Usually, the "lack of employment has a strong and obvious correlation with poverty," so it’s no surprise that if men are unemployed in low-income areas then women would be too.

 Image: Wikimedia Commons

SOURCES
The New York Times-"Where Working Women Are Most Common"

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