Have you ever thought about what you would do in a dangerous situation? I’m sure you have. But have you ever considered what you would do if someone else were in that position? Imagine you’re at work something happens to one of your colleagues. Maybe they went into cardiac arrest.
You look around the room to see if anyone knows what to do. Nothing. If only you could do something to save this person’s life.
Well. Knowledge is power. And here’s one scenario you’ll definitely be ready for.
Because you’re about to learn how to perform CPR.
So for starters… A.B.C. No, not Always Be Closing.
Remember. Airway. Breathing. Circulation. That way you won’t forget.
I. Check the Airway.
First assess if the person is unconscious (if they collapsed). Don’t shy away from trying to wake them up. Ask for a response as you poke and prod them. Call an ambulance if they don’t respond to this. There’s still plenty for you to do until they arrive. Like making sure that the victim is lying flat on their back. Roll them over if they aren’t. Then open up their airway by lifting their chin with one hand and pushing the forehead back with the other.
But be careful. If they’re unconscious due to a neck injury, don’t tilt the head back. Do the chin-lift until the airway is open. Then take between five to ten seconds to confirm if they’re still breathing normally. If at all.
Not breathing? It’s time for rescue breathing.
II. Breathe In Some Life.
Take your thumb and index finger… Now pinch the person’s nose really hard. Ok. Stop. Not that hard. Make sure the person’s head is still tilted—preferably using the heel of your hand. Keep the chin up with the other hand. Not your chin. The other person’s. Yeah, the one lying flat on the ground.
Inhale normally and then, sealing your mouth tightly around the other person’s, give two full one minute breaths. You’ll know you’re doing it right if the victim’s chest rises. If it isn’t, tilt the head and lift the chin again before the second breath. Also, don’t get too forceful with the breaths.
III. Circulate Everything.
There isn’t time to check for vitals. So as soon as you give two full breaths, jump right into the chest compressions.
Kneel closely beside their chest. Now you need to look for a little notch where the bottom rims of the rib cage meet in the middle chest. Use your middle and forefingers to do so. Then place the heel of the hand that’s on the breastbone next to the notch.
After you do that, you need to bring your shoulders right over their sternum. Keep your arms straight. Then press downward—hard and fast. Depress the sternum no more than a half the depth of the chest. Once you do this, completely relax pressure on the sternum. But don’t remove your hands from their positioning.
Keep in mind that the duration of relaxation and compression should be the same. The rule of thumb is to use 30 chest compressions for every two breaths. Then keep going until help arrives
And that’s it.
You’re ready now. Don’t worry.
One less horrifying scenario to think about.
Just remember... ABC.
IMAGE SOURCE: http://www.uh.edu/recreation/aquatics/images/cpr.jpg