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What Motivates You While Working? Complete The Work Extrinsic & Intrinsic Motivation Scale

Would you like to know what motivates you to do your work? Are you a self-determined person whose motivation stems from within, or a non self-determined person who needs external rewards to stay motivated?

Generally, work motivation is defined as “a set of energetic forces that originates both within as well as beyond an individual’s being, to initiate work-related behavior, and to determine its form, direction, intensity and duration”.  Psychologists distinguish between six types of motivation, with these being:

  • Intrinsic motivation - doing an activity for its own sake because one finds the activity inherently interesting and satisfying
  • Identified regulation – doing an activity because one identifies with its value or meaning, and accepts it as one’s own
  • Integrated regulation – identifying with a value of an activity to the point that it becomes part of the individual’s sense of self
  • Amotivation in which individuals either lack the intention to act or act passively
  • External regulation - doing an activity only to obtain a reward
  • Introjected regulation - regulation of behavior through self-worth contingencies (e.g., self-esteem, guilt)

Intrinsic motivation, identification, and integration are the proto-type of self-determined motivations whereas amotivation, external regulation, and introjection are categorized as non self-determined motivations. To see if you are self-determined or non self-determined when it comes to work, you can complete the Work Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation Scale. The scale is divided into three-item six subscales, which correspond to the six types of motivation.


QUESTIONNAIRE

Using the scale below, please indicate to what extent each of the following items corresponds to the reasons why you are presently involved in your work.

Does not correspond at all

Corresponds moderately

Corresponds exactly

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1. Because this is the type of work I chose to do to attain a certain lifestyle.

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2. For the income it provides me.

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3. I ask myself this question, I don’t seem to be able to manage the important tasks related to this work.

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4. Because I derive much pleasure from learning new things.

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5. Because it has become a fundamental part of who I am.

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6. Because I want to succeed at this job, if not I would be very ashamed of myself.

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7. Because I chose this type of work to attain my career goals.

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8. For the satisfaction I experience from taking on interesting challenges.

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9. Because it allows me to earn money.

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10. Because it is part of the way in which I have chosen to live my life.

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11. Because I want to be very good at this work, otherwise I would be very disappointed.

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12. I don’t know why, we are provided with unrealistic working conditions.

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13. Because I want to be a “winner” in life.

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14. Because it is the type of work I have chosen to attain certain important objectives.

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15. For the satisfaction I experience when I am successful at doing difficult tasks.

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16. Because this type of work provides me with security.

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17. I don’t know, too much is expected of us.

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18. Because this job is a part of my life.

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SCORING

First you should calculate the score for each of the motivation subscales. To do that, you should add up the scores on the questions that correspond to a particular subscale. Follow these guidelines:

  • Intrinsic motivation (IM) = Q4 + Q8 + Q15
  • Integrated regulation (INTEG)= Q5 + Q10 + Q18
  • Identified regulation (IDEN) = Q1 + Q7 + Q14
  • Introjected regulation (INTRO) = Q6 + Q11 + Q13
  • External regulation (EXT) = Q2 + Q9 + Q16
  • Amotivation (AMO) = Q3 + Q12 + Q17

To calculate your final score, you should use the following formula (where IM corresponds to the score on the Intrinsic motivation subscale, INTEG corresponds to the score on the Intergated regulation subscale, etc.):

Final score = (3 x IM) + (2 x INTEG) +  (1  x IDEN) +  (-1 x  INTRO) + (-2 x EXT) + (-3  x AMO)

The total score derived from this formula reflects your relative level of self-determination. A positive score indicates a self-determined profile and a negative score indicates a non self-determined profile.